One of the most common diseases of the spine is osteochondrosis. As a result of the progression of the disease, intervertebral discs, and cartilaginous tissues are damaged. The disease usually occurs in people over the age of 40. But recently, the average age of patients with osteochondrosis has decreased. As for the localization of the disease, changes in the intervertebral disc occur in the lumbar and thoracic spine. Treatment of osteochondrosis requires an integrated approach and accordingly occurs more quickly if the patient is on time to seek medical help.
The spine consists of 35 vertebrae, which are connected by elastic discs covered with hyaline cartilage. This structure of the spinal column ensures its flexibility and mobility. If you have osteochondrosis, blood circulation and metabolism in a backbone are broken. Gradually fibrous-cartilaginous connecting disks lose their elasticity and are no longer able to withstand heavy loads. If at this stage do not begin treatment of osteochondrosis, then an intervertebral hernia and other complications will form. Therefore, ignoring the symptoms of the disease is contraindicated.
Osteochondrosis - the disease is quite serious and can lead to curvature of the spine and complete loss of mobility.
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Causes and Prevention of OsteochondrosisThe main cause of the disease is microtrauma of intervertebral discs from excessive load. Many factors contribute to the onset of the disease, including:
- hereditary abnormalities in the development of the ridge;
- violation of hormonal balance (usually in people with increased body weight);
- excessive physical exertion;
- infectious diseases;
- exposure to chemicals;
- disturbed blood circulation in the vertebral parts.
According to statistics, the osteochondrosis of the ridge is most often affected by people whose activities are related to construction, constant physical exertion. Also, those who have been long in the cold can have it too. This can cause hypothermia, which often leads to osteochondrosis.
If you are wondering whether it is possible to cure osteochondrosis completely, then modern medicine can easily cope with this. But first, you need to study the disease in detail, determine its type and stage. After that, you can already apply the treatment, which will undoubtedly give a positive result.
Symptoms of Intervertebral Disc DamageLike many other diseases, osteochondrosis has several varieties. Symptoms of the disease are quite vivid in each type, so localization is easy to determine. So, the disease is of the following types:
- Lumbar osteochondrosis of the spine. Symptoms in this case: pain, stiffness of movements, decreased sensitivity in the affected area.
- Damage to the intervertebral discs of the cervical spine. It arises mainly as a result of constant work on the computer.
- Osteochondrosis of the thoracic region. Symptoms and treatment of the disease will have an individual character. It is quite challenging to diagnose because the main signs converge with the manifestations of other diseases.
- Common osteochondrosis. Symptoms occur immediately in several zones of the spinal column.
If often there are pains in the neck, dizziness, crunch when turning the head, this is cervical osteochondrosis. If the pain occurs in the region of the heart and abdominal cavity, then most likely, the intervertebral discs of the chest region of the ridge are damaged. Disturbances in the lumbar region are characterized by pain in the pelvic region with tilts and turns of the back.