There are numerous triggers of pain in the back of the knee. Some are common as well as much less significant, while others need even more prompt medical attention.
The knee is a complex joint, and also it takes a lot of impact from even easy daily tasks. Knee damages can often be reduced or prevented by avoiding pressure and impact on the joint.
Treatment for discomfort in the back of the knee will undoubtedly differ significantly depending on the cause.
Fast facts on pain in the back of the knee:
- There are lots of possible causes for this type of discomfort.
- Early treatment for knee pain usually includes preventing the injury from getting worse.
- In many cases, the pain might be triggered by exhaustion or not stretching before a workout.
It might be essential to work closely with a physician to identify pain in the back of the knee, as some causes call for long-term therapy to recover fully.
Causes: Leg Cramps
Cramps are when muscles become too tight. This rigidity can occur since the muscle is doing way too much job without being stretched. If it is stretched and still aches, the muscle might be overused.
Overuse syndrome can influence various areas of the knee. A person might feel a cramp in the thigh or calf near the knee.
The sensation resembles an abrupt, excruciating muscle spasm. The pain may last only a few seconds or minutes and can vary from annoying to severe.
Other possible causes for leg constrain consist of:
- infection such as tetanus;
- liver disease;
- excess toxins in the blood;
- nerve problems.
Pregnant women might also experience leg pains as an average side effect of pregnancy.
Some people that often experience leg pains might discover alleviation with regularly stretching their calves. Additionally, they can attempt shortening their stride to put less stress on the knee and surrounding muscles.
Causes: Baker's cyst
A Baker's cyst is a pocket of fluid that gathers in the back of the knee. This causes pain and also swelling.
Baker's cysts may not be discovered initially, as small cysts do not usually trigger pain. Nevertheless, as the cyst grows, it may shift the surrounding muscles or pressure tendons and nerves, causing pain.
Baker's cysts may grow to about the size of a table tennis round. People with Baker's cysts usually feel the tension in the back of the knee. This might create a prickling sensation if the cyst is hitting a nerve. Often, Baker's cysts are not a cause for concern, yet treatment can ease the signs.
Osteoarthritis is a condition that wears down the cartilage of the joints gradually. This condition can conveniently trigger discomfort in the back of the knee.
Individuals with osteoarthritis in the knee may have various other symptoms, such as loss of movement or problem bending the knee. Inflammation in the joint may make it tight as well as unbearable. This discomfort may additionally be felt all around the knee.
Other forms of arthritis that could be triggering the discomfort include autoimmune diseases. Lupus and rheumatoid arthritis are some of these.
Causes: Runner's knee
Runner's knee is the wearing down of the cartilage in the knee joint. When the cartilage is gone, the bones of the knee rub together. Usually, this triggers a dull, aching discomfort behind the knee.
Other symptoms of Runner's knee include:
- the knee giving out or buckling randomly;
- weakness in the knee or leg;
- restricted movement in the leg and knee;
- cracking or grinding sensation when the knee bends.
Causes: Hamstring injury
A hamstring injury is a tear or strain in one or several muscles in the thigh's back.
These muscles consist of:
- the biceps femoris;
A hamstring pressure occurs if the muscle is pulled too far. It might tear totally from being pulled too much and can take months to heal entirely.
Hamstring injuries might be much more common in athletes who sprint and in bursts, such as basketball, tennis, or football players.
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Causes: Meniscus tears
The meniscus is a piece of cartilage on either side of the knee. Turning movements while squatting or bending the leg might tear this cartilage. Lots of people hear a pop when they tear their meniscus.
The pain from a meniscus tear may not be felt initially. However, it worsens over the following couple of days.
Meniscus tears typically trigger other symptoms, including:
- loss of knee motion;
- weakness and fatigue in the knee and also leg;
- swelling around the knee;
- the knee is giving out or locking up when used.
Surgical procedure might be needed if a meniscus tear is extreme and does not recover on its own.
Causes: ACL injuries
The anterior cruciate ligament or ACL is a tissue band that goes through the front of the knee joint. It connects the bones and helps to keep the knee joint stable.
ACL strains usually occur from unexpected stops or changes in direction. Similarly to meniscus tears, a strain in the ACL may trigger a popping out noise, followed by pain and swelling.
A broken ACL is a widely known, severe injury, usually side-lining a professional athlete for an extended period. Torn ACLs typically require reconstructive surgery.
Causes: PCL injuries
The posterior cruciate ligament or PCL plays a similar role to the ACL, though it is less likely to be damaged than the ACL.
PCL injuries might happen during traumatic occasions, such as falling directly on the knee from a height or being in a car mishap. With enough force, the ligament might tear completely.
PCL injuries trigger symptoms as:
- knee discomfort;
- rigidity in the knee while bending;
- trouble walking;
- swelling in the knee.
Relaxing the knee might help a PCL strain to heal. A severe PCL injury might require surgical treatment.
Causes: Deep blood vessel thrombosis (DVT)
Thrombosis is a blood clot, and also a DVT happens when a clot occurs in the blood vessels deep within the leg.
Many individuals that have a DVT feel even more pain when they stand up. Nonetheless, they might feel pain in their leg and knee at most times.
Othe DVT symptoms may consist of:
- skin that is red or warm to the touch;
- swelling in the area;
- fatigue in the injured leg;
- visible surface veins.
Risk factors for DVT can include being obese, being older, as well as smoking cigarettes. Individuals who lead an inactive life may also experience DVT.
DVT needs medicine and care, as it can become a lot more severe if the clot breaks loose right into the bloodstream.
Pain in Back of Knee Treatment
It is always a good idea to ensure the muscular tissues around the knee. Specifically, the quads, calves, and hamstrings are stretched correctly. This might not prevent several traumatic causes of knee pain. However, it could help the muscles respond much better to activities, every day or otherwise.
The RICE treatment might likewise help small to moderate pain in the back of the knee. RICE stands for:
- Resting - the leg;
- Icing - the knee;
- Compressing - the area with a stretchable bandage;
- Elevating - the hurt leg.
In most cases, the RICE treatment might help reduce symptoms, such as discomfort and swelling.
Nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory medicines (NSAIDs) are another method to relieve discomfort and swelling while the knee is healing. Some NSAIDs, such as Advil, are available for purchase online.
In some cases, doctors might suggest steroid shots to decrease pain.
With more severe injuries, medical professionals may utilize an MRI or CT scan to receive a complete image of the area. After, they can recommend treatments that include physical therapy or surgery, depending on the severity.
Pain at the back of the knee may, in some cases, be a sign of a severe problem. Anyone experiencing severe symptoms or symptoms that last for more than a few days must have their injury checked by a doctor.
Comply with a physician's therapy plan. This will offer the injury the most effective opportunity to recover correctly and avoid any complications.