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Lumbar Strain: Causes, Signs & Treatment

Guy suffering from Lumbar pain

What is a lumbar strain?

A lumbar strain is an injury to the lower back. This results in damaged tendons and muscles that can spasm and feel sore. The lumbar vertebra comprises the section of the spine in your lower back.


What causes lumbar strain?

Injury can damage the tendons and muscles in the lower back. Pushing and pulling sports, such as weight lifting or football, can cause back strain. In addition, sports that require unexpected twisting of the lower back, such as tennis, basketball, baseball, and golf, can cause this injury. Certain danger factors, such as excessive lower back curvature, forward-tilted hips, weak back, or abdominal muscles, and tight hamstrings, can increase the threat of this injury.


Girl suffering from Lower neck and Back Pain

What are the signs of lumbar strain?

The following are the most typical signs of lumbar strain. However, everyone might experience signs differently. Signs might consist of:

  • Abrupt lower neck and back pain

  • Convulsions in the lower back that lead to the more extreme pain

  • The lower back feels aching to the touch

The signs of lumbar strain may look like other conditions and medical problems. Always talk with your healthcare provider for a medical diagnosis.

How is back strain detected?

In addition to a complete medical history and physical exam, diagnostic procedures for low neck and back pain may consist of the following. Nevertheless, throughout numerous initial assessments and examinations, specialized tests aren't normally suggested.


X-ray of Spine

  • X-ray. A diagnostic test that produces images of internal tissues, bones, and organs on a movie.

Patient lying down on Calculated tomography scan (also called a CT or CAT scan)

  • Calculated tomography scan (also called a CT or CAT scan). This is an imaging test that uses X-rays and a computer to make comprehensive images of the body. A CT scan programs details of the bones, muscles, fat, and organs. A CT scan program detailed images of bones, muscles, fat, and organs.

Young Patient lying on Magnetic resonance imaging (MRI)

  • Magnetic resonance imaging (MRI). A diagnostic treatment that utilizes a combination of large magnets, radio frequencies, and a computer system to produce comprehensive pictures of organs and structures within the body.

  • Radionuclide bone scan. A nuclear imaging method that utilizes an extremely percentage of radioactive material, which is injected into the bloodstream to be found by a scanner. This test shows blood circulation to the bone and cell activity within the bone.

  • Electromyogram (EMG). A test to assess nerve and muscle function.


How is back strain treated?

Particular treatment for lumbar pressure will be discussed with you by your healthcare provider based on:

  • Your age, overall health, and medical history

  • The extent of the injury

  • Your tolerance for particular medications, procedures, and treatments

  • The expectation for the course of the injury

  • Your opinion or choice

Treatment may include:

  • Rest

  • Ice bag and/or heat and compression applied to the back

  • Exercises (to reinforce the stomach muscles).

  • Stretching and strengthening exercises (for the lower back as it recovers).

  • Education regarding the use of appropriate protective devices.

Medicines, such as anti-inflammatories and spine injections, might likewise be used to alleviate pain and swelling.


When should I call my doctor?

Call your healthcare provider if any of the following happen:

  • You're not able to stand or walk.

  • You have a temperature level over 101.0 ° F (38.3 ° C).

  • You have regular, unpleasant, or bloody urination.

  • You have extreme abdominal discomfort.

  • You have sharp, stabbing pain.

  • Your pain is continuous.

  • You have discomfort or feel numb in your leg.

  • You feel discomfort in a brand-new location on your back.

  • You discover that the pain isn't reducing after more than a week.

Contact your healthcare provider immediately for the following:

  • Discomfort radiating down the leg.

  • Pain that is accompanied by fever, a weak point in the leg, or loss of control of the bladder or bowels.

lower back pain  with cold and hot compress

Living with back strain

Cold lowers swelling. Both cold and heat can lower pain. Protect your skin by placing a towel in between your body and the ice or heat source.

  • For the first couple of days, apply an ice pack for 15 to 20 minutes.

  • After the first couple of days, try heat for 15 minutes at a time to alleviate discomfort. Never ever sleep on a heating pad.

  • Non-prescription medicines can help manage pain and swelling. Try aspirin or ibuprofen.

Exercise for Lower back pain


Exercise can help your back heal. It also helps your back get more powerful and more versatile, avoiding any reinjury. Ask your healthcare provider about specific exercises for your back.


Use excellent posture to avoid reinjury

  • When moving, bend at the hips and knees. Do not flex at the waist or twist around.

  • When lifting, keep the object near your body. Don't try to lift more than you can manage.

  • When sitting, keep your lower back supported. Use a rolled-up towel as needed.


Key points about back strain

  • Lumbar describes your lower back.

  • Strain can trigger damage to the tendons and muscles triggering pain and discomfort.

  • Nonsurgical approaches can cure most low neck and back pain.

  • Call your healthcare provider if symptoms do not get better over the next several days or if symptoms get worse.

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