Lower back pain and leg pain are common symptoms that regularly result from sprains and strain or bad posture. However, severe or reoccurring discomfort may indicate a hidden clinical condition, such as arthritis or fibromyalgia.
Sprains and Strains
It is a common cause of lower back and leg pain. Sprains and strains to the muscular tissues of the lower back can trigger discomfort. Sometimes, this discomfort may radiate to the buttocks or restrict a person's variety of movement. Strains and sprains can also lead to muscle spasms.
Sporting activities injuries, excessive using or overstretching the back, or poorly lifting heavy objects likewise can cause strains and strains in the lower back.
A person can usually deal with back strains and sprains at home with rest, ice or heat packs, gentle stretching, and over the counter (OTC) painkiller, such as ibuprofen and naproxen.
Doctors may recommend physical therapy for individuals with more severe signs and symptoms.
Poor posture when standing or resting, mostly while working at a desk or computer, can result in lower back pain or enhance the risk of creating conditions that can trigger back and also leg pains.
Steps that an individual can take to decrease and stop lower back pain:
- exercising regularly;
- practicing good posture when sitting and standing;
- taking constant breaks from desks, computers, and workstations by walking and also stretching;
- making specific adjustments of workstations that consist of the supportive and properly-adjusted chair or a seat cushion for back support;
- using correct techniques for lifting as well as not carrying things that are too heavy;
- getting to or preserving a healthy weight.
Fibromyalgia is a chronic condition that triggers widespread stiffness and also pain, which can affect the back and also legs. Individuals might find that this pain reoccurs in cycles or becomes worse with time.
Other symptoms of fibromyalgia can include:
- increased sensitivity to pain and temperature level;
- memory and concentration problems, which individuals in some cases refer to as "fibro fog";
- depression and anxiety;
- numbness or tingling in the hands and feet;
- sleeping problems;
- digestion problems.
The best therapy differs from person to person. However, options can consist of:
- medicines, including pain relievers as well as antidepressants;
- physical and occupational therapy;
- cognitive behavioral therapy;
- relaxation therapies, including massage therapy, meditation, and yoga;
- lifestyle modifications;
Research into efficient therapy options continues, and lots of people with fibromyalgia try several treatments before they find which one works for them.
Arthritis is a group of problems that cause the joints to come to be inflamed and unpleasant. Joint inflammation in the lower back or hips can trigger discomfort in the lower back, which might additionally radiate into the legs.
One of the most common forms of arthritis consist of:
- osteoarthritis, which is the gradual wearing down of joint cartilage with time;
- rheumatoid arthritis and psoriatic arthritis, which are conditions in which the immune system wrongly strikes healthy joints.
Arthritis symptoms can differ significantly, yet they usually consist of red, swollen joints, and reduced mobility. Signs might likewise reoccur in cycles or worsen with time.
The treatment plan will depend on the kind of arthritis and the seriousness of an individual's symptoms. Still, it will often consist of a combination of the way of life adjustments, physical therapy, and drugs. For individuals with severe arthritis, a doctor may also, in some cases, advise surgical treatment.
Sciatica is a sharp, burning, or stabbing pain in the lower back. It radiates through the buttocks and down into the back of the legs. An individual might likewise experience a tingling sensation, numbness, or weakness in the legs.
The pain occurs when something puts pressure on the sciatic nerve. Causes can include arthritis, back injuries and cracks, herniated discs, and spinal compression.
Sciatic nerve pain often gets better by itself, and an individual may have the ability to treat it at home with rest, OTC pain relievers, and gentle stretching. If these treatments are ineffective, a medical professional might advise physical therapy, steroid shots, or surgical treatment.
Mesh Lumbar Back Support Cushion
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Infections of the spinal column or the surrounding tissues can cause back pain and tenderness. If the infection irritates or damages the back nerves, this might trigger discomfort or tingling feelings that radiate to the legs.
Various other signs and symptoms of a spine infection can include high temperature, chills, and swelling, redness, or warmth in the affected area.
Spine infections can occur if infections from other parts of the body spread to the spinal column. They can likewise occur as a complication of surgery, injuries to the back, diabetes, cancer, and conditions that weaken the body's immune system.
The causative organism will determine the treatment, which may consist of antibiotics or antifungal drugs. Other therapies can include surgical drainage or elimination of infected tissue.
Ankylosing spondylitis is a chronic condition in which the joints and vertebrae in the spine become inflamed, which causes back pain as well as stiffness. The condition can likewise spread to other parts of the body, including the ribs, hips, knees, and feet.
Other signs of ankylosing spondylitis can consist of:
- lowered flexibility of the back;
- reduced mobility;
- swelling and also warmth in affected joints;
- painful or difficult breathing;
Doctors do not understand what triggers ankylosing spondylitis, but people with certain genetics are most likely to establish the condition.
There is no remedy for ankylosing spondylitis, so physicians concentrate therapy on easing a person's symptoms and stopping the condition from worsening.
Therapy typically includes a combination of drugs, physical therapy, and lifestyle modifications. A medical professional may suggest surgery for people with severe joint damages.
Lumbar Herniated Disc
A lumbar herniated disk is a fractured disk in your lower back. It occurs when the nucleus or "jelly" is pushed out of your back disk through a tear. The ruptured disk puts pressure on a spinal nerve that can trigger severe pain, numbness, as well as weakness.
Other signs and symptoms associated with a lumbar herniated disk include:
- persistent pain in the back aggravated by standing, coughing, or sneezing;
- back spasms;
- decreased reflexes at the knee or ankle;
- leg muscle weakness;
- numbness in leg and foot;
- spinal cord compression.
Treatments vary depending on the intensity of the damage. In some cases, doctors might advise rest, pain medication, and, sometimes, acupuncture. If symptoms don't improve within a couple of weeks, your medical professional might recommend physical or surgical treatment.
The piriformis is a flat, band-like muscle in your glutes near the top of your hip joint. The piriformis assists in stabilizing your hip joint, and also lifts and rotates your thigh away from your body.
Piriformis syndrome is a neurological disorder that occurs when your piriformis muscle compresses your sciatic nerve.
Typical symptoms associated with piriformis syndrome include:
- pain extending to your lower leg
- numbness in your buttocks.
Therapy involves pain relief as well as preventing pain causes such as specific sitting positions and exhausting physical activities.
Your doctor can recommend rest, hot and cold therapies, and also physical therapy to increase your mobility. Surgical treatment is the last option, yet it may be needed in severe circumstances.
The arachnoid is a membrane that protects spinal cord nerves. Inflammation or irritation of the arachnoid can trigger the pain condition arachnoiditis. In many cases, people that have arachnoiditis have pain in the lower back and legs, as it affects the nerves in those areas.
The more common symptom of this problem is a painful, burning discomfort. Other signs connected with arachnoiditis include:
- tingling or numbness, especially in the legs;
- "skin-crawling" sensations;
- muscle cramps;
- bowel or bladder dysfunction
Though there's no absolute treatment for arachnoiditis, treatments focus on pain management. Your doctor may prescribe pain medicine or suggest physiotherapy and exercise. Surgery isn't recommended as a treatment for arachnoiditis because it can increase the threat of scar tissue formation.
When to see a doctor?
An individual can often treat back and leg pain at home with rest, OTC medications, and gentle exercise or stretching.
Speak with a doctor if the discomfort:
- is severe;
- steadily aggravates or does not react to home treatment;
- infect other areas of the body;
- occurs with other symptoms, such as diarrhea, dizziness, or vomiting.
People ought to seek immediate clinical care if they likewise have symptoms such as:
- sudden swelling in the leg or foot;
- chest pain;
- the trouble with moving or walking;
- loss of digestive tract or bladder control.
Key Points from the Article
Radiating back and leg pain are usually symptoms of more major clinical conditions. While, in many cases, pain may improve within a few days, some conditions can cause devastating discomfort for weeks at a time.
If you start to experience regular, everyday pain or intensifying signs, look for immediate medical attention. Discuss treatment with your doctor to ensure the best recovery.
Lower back and leg pain are often the result of small injuries or poor posture, and the discomfort tends to get better with rest and home treatments. However, persistent or recurring pain may be a sign of a hidden condition, such as joint inflammation or fibromyalgia.
Individuals must see a medical professional for severe pain, does not boost, or happens together with other signs and symptoms.
Some of the home remedies detailed in this post are available for acquisition online.