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A Visual Guide to Low Back Pain


What is lower pain in the back?

The lower back, also called the lumbar region, is the area of the back that starts below the ribcage. Nearly everybody has low back pain at some point in life. It's one of the leading reasons for missed work in the U.S. Fortunately, it often gets better on its own. When it does not, your doctor might have to assist you with numerous effective treatments.

 

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Signs of Low Back Pain

These may range from a dull ache to a stabbing or shooting sensation. The pain might make it hard to move or stand up directly. Discomfort that comes on suddenly is "acute." It might take place during sports or heavy lifting. Discomfort that lasts more than 3 months is considered "chronic." You must consult a doctor if your discomfort is not better within 72 hours.

 

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Symptoms That Requires Urgent Care

See a healthcare expert whenever you have back pain after a fall or injury. The same goes if you have back pain with bowel or bladder control problems, leg weakness, fever, or pain when coughing or peeing.

 

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Muscle Strain or Sciatica?

Muscle pressure is typically the cause of back pain from heavy lifting or vigorous exercise. Sometimes it's due to small jelly-filled disks meant to protect the area in between vertebrae. When one of these discs bulges or breaks, it can push on a nerve. When it's the sciatic nerve, discomfort runs from the buttock down one leg. It is sciatica.

 

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Back Pain Culprit: Your Job

If your task includes lifting, pulling, or anything that twists the spine, it might add to pain in the back. However, sitting at a desk all day comes with threats of its own, specifically if your chair is uncomfortable or you tend to slouch.

 

back pain causes

Pain In The Back Culprit: Your Bag

You may wear your bag, backpack, or briefcase over your shoulder, it is the lower back that supports the upper body-- consisting of any extra weight you carry. An overstuffed bag can strain the lower back, specifically if you bring it day after day. If you should carry a heavy load, think about switching to a wheeled briefcase.

 

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Back Pain Culprit: Your Workout

Overdoing it at the gym or golf course is one of the most common causes of overextended muscles leading to low neck and back pain. If you tend to be non-active throughout the workweek and then invest hours at the fitness center or softball field on the weekend, you're specifically vulnerable.

 

 

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Back Pain Culprit: Your Posture

Your back supports weight best when you do not slouch. This indicates sitting with excellent back support for your lower back, shoulders back, with feet resting on a low stool.

 

back pain causes

Back Pain Culprit: Herniated Disk

The spine's vertebrae are cushioned by gel-like discs that are prone to wear and tear from aging or injuries. A weakened disk may burst or bulge, putting pressure on the spinal nerve roots. This is known as a herniated disk and can trigger extreme discomfort.

 

back pain causes

Back Pain Culprit: Chronic Conditions

Numerous chronic conditions can cause low back pain.

  • Spinal stenosis is a constricting of the space around the spinal cord, which can put pressure on the spinal nerves.
  • Ankylosing spondylitis inflames the joints of the spinal column, and sometimes the shoulders, hips, ribs, and other locations too. It causes chronic back pain and tightness. In severe cases, spinal vertebrae start to fuse (grow together).
  • Fibromyalgia causes extensive muscle pains, including back pain.

 

back pain causes

Who's at Risk for Low Back Pain?

When they're in their 30s, most people experience back pain initially. The odds of additional attacks increase with age. Other factors your low back might hurt include:

  • Being obese or overweight
  • Being sedentary
  • Lifting heavy stuff on the job

 

lower back pain

Diagnosing Low Back Pain

To assist your medical professional in diagnosing the source of low pain in the back, be specific in describing the kind of pain, when it started, related symptoms, and any history of chronic conditions. Your doctor will probably not require you to purchase X-rays, CT or MRI scans before starting treatment.

 

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Home Care for Low Back Pain

Back pain due to muscle strain will typically get better on its own, but you can take steps to make yourself comfier. A heating pad or warm baths may offer temporary pain relief.

 

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The Bed Rest Debate

When your back hurts, you may not feel like getting out of bed. However, if the issue is muscle pressure, medical professionals advise going back to your normal activities as soon as possible. Studies suggest that any more than a day or 2 of bed rest can make the pain even worse and may decrease muscle tone and flexibility.

 

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Yoga

If back discomfort does not go away in 3 months, there's proof that yoga can help. In one research study, people who took 12 weeks of yoga classes had less back pain than those who got a book about back discomfort.

 

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Spinal Manipulation

Chiropractic practitioners and some osteopathic physicians might attempt to move the joints of your spinal column to deal with low neck and back pain. They apply pressure with their hands to bones and surrounding tissues. This treatment is not appropriate for everyone, so make sure to inform your provider about all your signs and health concerns.

 

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Massage Therapy

Massage may ease chronic low pain in the back, especially when integrated with workout and stretching. Researchers noted patients who did all 3 had the ability to walk around much easier and had less long-term and short-term pain.

 

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Acupuncture

Can acupuncture treat back pain? The evidence is mixed for people with short-term neck and back pain. Research showed that these people took advantage of sham acupuncture as much as from genuine acupuncture. In other studies, individuals with lasting or chronic back pain did reveal enhancement after getting acupuncture treatments.

 

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Medications

Mild back pain typically feels better with non-prescription pain relievers, such as acetaminophen, ibuprofen, or naproxen. Pain-relieving creams might be handy for muscle aches. For severe discomfort or persistent pain, your doctor may advise prescription medication.

 

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Injections

If simpler medications and treatments aren't helping, your doctor may recommend injections to the back. One treatment called a nerve root block targets inflamed nerves. Injections for pain in the back typically consist of steroid medication.

 

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Surgical Treatment

If long-lasting back pain is interfering with your everyday life and other treatments have not provided relief, you may be a candidate for surgery. Depending on the reason for your discomfort, a surgeon may eliminate a herniated disc, expand the space around the spinal cord, and/or fuse two spinal vertebrae together.

 

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Physical Therapy

If pain in the back has left you non-active for a long time, a rehabilitation program can help you strengthen your muscles and get back to your daily activities. A physical therapist can direct you through stretches, strength exercises, and low-impact cardio that will help you be fitter without straining your back.

 

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Strengthening the Back

Strength training can help your lower back. In inflection exercises, you flex forward to extend and enhance the muscles of the back and hips. In extension workouts, you bend backward to establish the muscles that support the spinal column. If you have back pain, talk with your physician or physical therapist about safe exercises for you.

 

back pain treatment

Preventing Low Back Pain

There's no sure method to prevent neck and back pain as you age, but there are steps you can take to decrease your risk:

  • Stay at a healthy weight.
  • Exercise routinely.
  • Lift with your legs, not your back.
  • Make sure your workstation position isn't adding to your discomfort.

Do you spend most of your daytime sitting in one place?

Because of that, you can feel pain not only throughout the workday or while driving but also damage your spine or feel constraint pain in your back. But don't worry - our products can help you with that. They do not only relieve symptoms of different health problems but also prevent injuries of your spine and correct your posture. Another thing is that they are suitable for wheelchair, plane, recliner, couch and stadium seats so that you could feel delightful wherever you go!

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